DIABETES AND EYESIGHT
You may be wondering: can an eye exam detect diabetes? The answer is yes. Diabetes causes a person to have high blood sugar levels. These high levels can cause damage to blood vessels, including those in the retina – the area at the back of the eye responsible for light reflection and sight. Continued damage to the retinal tissue will eventually lead to blurred vision or blindness, or diabetic retinopathy, if not caught early.
The American Diabetes Association has reported that your retina can be damaged before any symptoms are evident. Preventative eye care including annual eye exams with an eye care professional are key to prevention, early detection and treatment of diabetic retinopathy.
During an eye exam,* a doctor will use an instrument to shine light on the retina. If your blood vessels are damaged, the doctor may recommend having blood sugar levels tested for diabetes. Seeing symptoms early can lead to life-saving treatments and prevent loss of vision.